11th European Conference on Personality. Lengerich etc.: Pabst Science Publishers, 2002. P. 144.
Theories of personality in frameworks of symbolic interactionism and psychodrama are theoretical source of this research. Attempt is made to complete personality theory with concepts based on role conflict.
Elaboration of role concepts, which reflect the core tendencies of personality, development of life roles, role structure and typology of personality, is the aim of research.
Study of behavioural strategy of personality in role conflicts is a task of research. Typical forms of role behaviour were studied in various life situations. Data were analysed using factor analysis.
Domination of need for role development or motivation to follow social expectations leads to internal or external behavioural strategies in role conflict. It was revealed, that these strategies are personality characteristics and can be named locus of role conflict. The Locus of Role Conflict Questionnaire, enabling to measure this construct, was designed.
The results enable us to formulate the following positions of role theory of personality. Striving to minimize role conflict, which is a result of contradiction between main needs, is a core tendency of personality. Personalities differ one from another by locus of role conflict and by repertoire of life roles. The various life roles, which develop in different life cycles, can replace each other. Difficulties, related with loss of old roles and taking of new ones, provoke life crisis. It can be interpreted as deep role conflict in system of person's life roles.
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